“Malocclusion” means “bad bite” in Latin, and it’s the umbrella term for the following problems:
- Overbites: the upper teeth overlap the lower teeth more than they should when biting down
- Underbites: the lower teeth cover the upper teeth when biting down
- Crossbites: some upper teeth are in front and others are behind when biting down
- Deep bites: an overbite so extreme that the lower teeth touch the gums behind the upper teeth when biting down
Each type of malocclusion comes with a different set of dental health risks and other problems (including interfering with speech and chewing), and the only way to correct them is with orthodontic treatment.